عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
All algorithms for impedance calculation use an analog-to-digital converter. The high accuracy of the impedance seen by a distance relay is an important factor in the correct isolation of the faulty part of power systems. To achieve this, a novel technique based on third order interpolation is used in this paper. According to this technique, the times and the values of the obtained samples are changed to real ones. To evaluate the new technique, it is applied to six digital distance algorithms, namely, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Half-cycle Discrete Fourier Transform, Least Square, Mann-Morrison, Least Square with Delete Dc, and Prodar70. The technique is found to be capable of accurately computing the impedance in the algorithms mentioned. Comparisons are made among the results to show the efficiency of the new technique for decreasing errors in all algorithms.