عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In this study, two CCCT diagrams are drawn to be compared with a CCT diagram. The CCCT diagrams represent continuous cooling transformations in stress assisted state. The increased Md and Bd temperatures of CCCT diagrams were also compared with those of the CCT diagrams and the cause was investigated from both thermodynamic and metallurgical viewpoints. Thermodynamic examinations revealed that stress causes the mechanical driving force to increase but the total free energy of transformation to decrease hence, Md and Bd will rise. Metallurgical investigations showed that if deformation temperatures are selected in a manner to increase the structural strength of the original austenite grains prior to deformation, the shear force required for martensite and bainite transformations will arduously obtain hence, Md and Bd will fall. However, if recrystallization or full recovery occurs during or after deformation, interior grain structure softens and the shear force required for martensite and bainite transformations will readily obtain hence, Md and Bd will rise. It was also found that the nose in CCCT curves are shifted to the left as compared to that of CCT curves. This indicates that deformation of steel enhances bainite formation more readily than that of the martensite phase.